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Cycle 2.2 of the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) was developed to provide focused information related to the topic of nutrition. It provides the first national nutrition data since the Nutrition Canada survey was conducted nearly 35 years earlier. The data provide reliable information about the food and nutrient intakes of Canadians and the relationship between diet and a wide range of health correlates.
This cross-sectional survey provides information, at the national and provincial levels, on food intake, food groups, nutritional supplements, nutrients, eating patterns, physical activity, Body Mass Index, and household food security.
Specific objectives of the CCHS 2.2 were as follows:
The data were collected in 2004. The survey was composed of two parts: a general health questionnaire and a 24-hour dietary recall. The CCHS 2.2 methodology, content description and questionnaire can be found on the Statistics Canada Web site (item 5049).
Health Canada, in a joint venture with Statistics Canada has produced 40 summary data tables compiling the usual intakes from food of 30 nutrients and other dietary components obtained by Canadians in 2004. For nutrients that have Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs), the tables also compare usual intakes to the DRIs. Data used for producing the tables were obtained from the CCHS 2.2 Share File. The nutrient intakes represent food consumption; data on nutrient intakes from vitamin and mineral supplements were still being validated at the time these tables were compiled.
Results are presented for 13 geographical areas: the 10 provinces, the Atlantic Region (Prince Edward Island, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Newfoundland), the Prairie Region (Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba), and Canada, excluding the territories. Data from the four Atlantic provinces and the three Prairie provinces were combined into the Atlantic Region and the Prairie Region, respectively, given the small sample sizes in these provinces.
The 3 volumes consist primarily of data tables and do not provide any interpretation or draw conclusions. To optimize the usage of these reports, they should be read in concert with the report, Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2.2, Nutrition (2004) - A Guide to Accessing and Interpreting the Data, published by Health Canada in 2006.
In November 2010, the Institute of Medicine (IOM) released new Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs) for Calcium and Vitamin D. Instead of an Adequate Intake (AI), both nutrients now have an Estimated Average Requirement (EAR) for life stage groups 1-3 years and older. In addition, some of the Tolerable Upper Intake Levels (ULs) have changed. The summary tables for these two nutrients have been updated accordingly and are available upon request.
A series of three Articles on Canadians' Nutrient Intakes from Food have been created to provide an interpretation of the data tables included on this disc. The three articles provide an assessment of the energy and nutrient intakes of Canadian children, adolescents, and adults. These articles are not included on the disk.
The Nutrient Intakes from Food Provincial, Regional and National Summary Data Tables, Volume 1, 2 and 3 are available in electronic form as a zip file that can be requested by email (see an example of a data table provided in the file).
What's included in the file?
Who is it intended for?
This publication is a reference for those who will use the CCHS Cycle 2.2 data and its findings to guide nutrition-related program and policy decisions. It will be of particular benefit to provincial ministries of health, researchers and graduate students, policy makers and analysts, public health professionals, epidemiologists, dietitians and the food industry.
The zip file can be requested by email.
Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2.2, Nutrition (2004) - Income-Related Household Food Security in Canada provides national and provincial estimates of household, adult and child food security and insecurity based on a multiple-indicator survey tool, highlighting population sub-groups for whom food insecurity is more prevalent. This report focusses on one specific aspect of food security: whether households have the financial resources they need to consistently access adequate food in sufficient quantities for all household members.
The report includes:
Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2.2, Nutrition (2004) - Income-Related Households Food Security in Canada: Supplementary Data Tables is a complement to the full report. These supplementary data tables provide detailed information on the income-related food security status of households in each of the 10 Canadian provinces as well as the Atlantic and Prairie regions in 2004.
Canadian Community Health Survey, Cycle 2.2, Nutrition (2004) - A Guide to Accessing and Interpreting the Data, is a concise reference for those wanting to use the CCHS 2.2 data. Its purpose is to increase understanding of the nature of the data and the considerations relevant to their analysis and interpretation. It is anticipated that the guide will promote the appropriate use and interpretation of the data, and consistent reporting of the survey findings.
The guide describes:
This guide is designed to support users of the CCHS 2.2 data. It is the first in a series of reports Health Canada will release relating to the CCHS 2.2.
The CCHS 2.2 data were released in 3 waves.
Wave 1 - The wave 1 release occurred on July 6, 2005 , and included the following data related to the general health questionnaire:
Two feature reports related to this wave of data have been produced by Statistics Canada:
Data tables on sedentary activity (12 to 17 years), children's physical activity (6 to 11 years), BMI (2 to 17 years, 18 years or older) and level of household food insecurity is available on the Statistics Canada Web site.
Wave 2 - The wave 2 release occurred on July 6, 2006 , and contained data on:
A feature report related to this wave of data has been produced by Statistics Canada:
Further CCHS 2.2 data will become available from Health Canada and Statistics Canada in the form of tables and reports. Information on how to access CCHS 2.2 data is available on Statistics Canada Web site.
Wave 3 - The wave 3 release occurred on April 4, 2008. The wave 3 files replace the previous wave 2 data files. Wave 3 includes data on:
This latest release contains three new files for the vitamin and mineral supplement data, as well as corrections to previously released data files. While many of these Wave 3 files have been previously released, a number of new variables have been added to the files. In addition, some revisions have been made to variables that were part of the Wave 2 release.
In brief, changes to the Wave 3 files include:
For additional information, consult Nutrition - General Health (including Vitamin & Mineral Supplements) & 24-Hour Dietary Recall Components: User Guide