The Health Products and Food Branch Inspectorate (Inspectorate) has the responsibility for the inspections and investigations of clinical trials.
These new functions were announced in January 2000, and along with the publication in June of the new Regulations on clinical trials involving humans, these provide a clear framework for the performance of clinical trials in Canada. In addition, these Regulations integrate the principles of Good Clinical Practices (GCP) as described by the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH).
The inspection of clinical trials will be initiated in close collaboration with the Therapeutic Products Directorate (TPD) and the Biologics and Genetic Therapies Directorate (BGTD). Approximately 2% of all clinical trials will be inspected, a percentage similar to what is being performed in other jurisdictions. Results of these inspections may be used in the evaluation of submissions.
These inspection and investigation functions have as main objective to reduce risks to subjects enrolled in clinical trials, while encouraging sponsors in their research activities for new therapies.